What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness (MDI) is a type of mood disorder also known as bipolar affective disorder. In bipolar affective disorder the mood and activity-level of those involved switches significantly for the duration of the so-called hypomanic or manic epsiodes and episodes of depression.
Mania is defined as a syndrome in which the mood of those affected is excessively elevated and fluctuates between carefree joy and almost uncontrollable excitement.
Main article: What is Mania?
Hypomania is defined as a disorder characterized by a persistently slightly elevated mood, increased drive and increased activity, increased sociability, talkativeness, over-familiarity, increased libido and a decreased need for sleep.
Main article: What is Hypomania?
Bipolar I Disorder / Bipolar II Disorder
According to the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms the bipolar affective disorders are subdivided into bipolar I disorders and bipolar II disorders.
Main article: What are Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorders?
Bipolar Disorder: Treatment
Most often bipolar disorder is treated with a combination of psychotherapy and mood stabilizing medication.
Main article: How is Bipolar Disorder treated?
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Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim, www.Dr-Elze.com