What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder or Manic-Depressive Illness (MDI) is a type of mood disorder also known as Bipolar Affective Disorder. In bipolar affective disorder the mood and activity-level of those involved switches significantly for the duration of the so-called hypomanic or manic epsiodes and episodes of depression.


Mania

Mania is defined as a syndrome in which the mood of those affected is excessively elevated and fluctuates between carefree joy and almost uncontrollable excitement.

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Hypomania

Hypomania is defined as a disorder characterized by a persistently slightly elevated mood, increased drive and increased activity, increased sociability, talkativeness, over-familiarity, increased libido and a decreased need for sleep.

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Bipolar I Disorder / Bipolar II Disorder

According to the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms the bipolar affective disorders are subdivided into bipolar I disorders and bipolar II disorders.

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Bipolar Disorder: Treatment

Most often bipolar disorder is treated with a combination of psychotherapy and mood stabilizing medication.

Read more: How is Bipolar Disorder treated?