Mental Wellness
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Mental Wellness & Health

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness (MDI) is a type of mood disorder also known as bipolar affective disorder. In bipolar affective disorder the mood and activity-level of those involved switches significantly for the duration of the so-called hypomanic or manic epsiodes and episodes of depression.


Mania is defined as a syndrome in which the mood of those affected is excessively elevated and fluctuates between carefree joy and almost uncontrollable excitement.

Main article: What is Mania?


Hypomania is defined as a disorder characterized by a persistently slightly elevated mood, increased drive and increased activity, increased sociability, talkativeness, over-familiarity, increased libido and a decreased need for sleep.

Main article: What is Hypomania?

Bipolar I Disorder / Bipolar II Disorder

According to the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms the bipolar affective disorders are subdivided into bipolar I disorders and bipolar II disorders.

Main article: What are Bipolar I and Bipolar II Disorders?

Bipolar Disorder: Treatment

Most often bipolar disorder is treated with a combination of psychotherapy and mood stabilizing medication.

Main article: How is Bipolar Disorder treated?

Bipolare Erkrankung  Bipolar Disorder  Bipolar Disorder  Trastornos Bipolares

© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim,



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© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim,
Last updated: 03-24-2016

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