Clinical Psychology
and Psychotherapy

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Epidemiology and Course

The lifetime prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) is about 2-3%, the point prevalence is approximately 1%. Most patients (80%) suffer from a combination of obsessions and compulsions. Only a small proportion of those affected have only obsessive thoughts.

The obsessive-compulsive disorders often develop in adolescence or early adulthood. Men and women are affected about equally. Most sufferers experience fluctuations in the severity of their OCD-symptoms, that are often associated with the degree of stress in their daily life.

Obsessive-compulsive disorders have a high rate of comorbidity with depressive disorders. It is quite common, that those affected initially had a "pure" OCD and later on developed depressive symptoms, due to the burdens associated with OCD. Anxiety disorders and so-called cluster C personality disorders.are also common in OCD.

Without adequate treatment the course of OCD is unfortunate, because of a very high tendency for chronification.

© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim,



Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Guidelines

DGPPN (2013): S3-Leitlinie Zwangsstörungen.
Full text (pdf) >>


Zwangsstörungen  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  Trastorno Obsesivo-Compulsivo

© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim,



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© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim,
Last updated: 03-24-2016

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