Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Epidemiology and Course
The lifetime prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) is about 2-3%, the point prevalence is approximately 1%. Most patients (80%) suffer from a combination of obsessions and compulsions. Only a small proportion of those affected have only obsessive thoughts.
The obsessive-compulsive disorders often develop in adolescence or early adulthood. Men and women are affected about equally. Most sufferers experience fluctuations in the severity of their OCD-symptoms, that are often associated with the degree of stress in their daily life.
Obsessive-compulsive disorders have a high rate of comorbidity with depressive disorders. It is quite common, that those affected initially had a "pure" OCD and later on developed depressive symptoms, due to the burdens associated with OCD. Anxiety disorders and so-called cluster C personality disorders.are also common in OCD.
Without adequate treatment the course of OCD is unfortunate, because of a very high tendency for chronification.
© Sandra Elze, M.D. & Michael Elze, M.D.
Prien am Chiemsee / Rosenheim, www.Dr-Elze.com