Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Diagnosis

The term Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was introduced in 1980 as a diagnostic category, along with the publication of the DSM-III. There is made a distinction between a so-called type I trauma and a type II trauma.


Type I Trauma

The term Type I Trauma describes a unique, unexpected, short-lasting traumatizing event such as a traffic accident.


Type II Trauma

Type II Trauma on the other hand describes repeated or prolonged traumatic experiences such as a long-lasting sexual abuse.